Wisconsin has received more than $58 million in block grants for community development as well as a combined total of $46 million in other grants from the US Department of Housing and Urban Development intended to strengthen public services, support problem-solving and resident-led housing programs across the state.
Public housing authorities across the state have also received nearly $30 million in capital fund grants, and 11 Indian housing block grants totaling $25 million have been awarded to Wisconsin tribes.
Here, we break down what that means for the state.
What is the Community Planning and Development Grants formula?
Community planning and development Formula grants are federal funds used to provide safe, affordable housing and expand economic opportunity for low-to-moderate income people. Grants include block grants for community development, HOME investment partnership grants, grants for emergency solutions, housing options for people living with HIV/AIDS and housing trust fund subsidies.
Community Development Block Grants. These HUD-based grants are awarded to city and county agencies with initiatives focused on revitalizing neighborhoods, strengthening small business opportunities, supporting community centers, and improving public facilities and services. Specific grant-funded projects may include public library renovations, redevelopment of vacant buildings, road improvements, or water infrastructure updates.
HOME Investment partnerships. States and municipalities typically partner with local nonprofit organizations to help build, purchase, and/or rehabilitate affordable housing for renters and homeowners. The funds are generally intended to support low-income households and can also be used for direct housing assistance.
Emergency Solutions Grants. These grants are used to help fund emergency shelters, transitional shelters, relocate homeless households, prevent impending homelessness, and conduct outreach to those currently homeless.
Housing options for people living with HIV/AIDS. As the only federal housing program for people living with HIV/AIDS, grants from this program are intended for projects that help provide housing and support services to low-income people in need.
Housing Trust Fund. These funds are specifically intended for the acquisition, construction, redevelopment or rehabilitation of affordable housing for very or very low income households. At least 80% of these funds must be used for rental housing, while 10% must be used to support home ownership and the remaining 10% to support administrative and planning costs. Units created from these funds must remain affordable for at least 30 years.
How much has Wisconsin received in each grant category?
Wisconsin received $58,438,232 in Community Development Block Grants, $26,982,266 in HOME Investment Partnerships Grants, $5,414,179 in Emergency Solutions Grants, $2,259,887 in Housing Opportunity Grants for people living with HIV/AIDS and $12,144,277 in Housing Trust Fund grants.
The State of Wisconsin has received approximately $23 million in Community Development Block Grants, $12 million in HOME Grants, $3.5 million in Emergency Solutions Grants, nearly $1 million in housing for people living with HIV/AIDS and $12 million in housing trust fund grants.
The City of Milwaukee and County of Milwaukee received approximately $17 million in Community Development Block Grants, $7 million in HOME Grants, $1.5 million in Emergency Solutions Grants and 1.2 million dollars in housing for people living with HIV/AIDS. According to rough estimates, Racine received $1.8 million in block grants for community development, Madison received $1.9 million, West Allis received $1.2 million and La Crosse received $850,000. while Appleton, Eau Claire and Wausau each received between $550,000 and $600,000.
What is a capital fund grant?
Capital fund grants are specifically provided to county and local public housing authorities across the country. These organizations can use the funds to develop, finance, modernize, redevelop, update and carry out deferred maintenance of social housing. Funds can also be used to help residents move, improve security, add technology such as on-site computers and provide homeownership education.
Under federal guidelines, only 20% or less can be used for operating expenses by public housing authorities with fewer than 250 units. The state received a total of $29,541,775 in capital fund grants.
How can I find out how much my public housing organization has received in subsidies?
You can click on the map to find out how much your public housing authority has received in capital fund grants.
What are Indian Housing Block Grants?
Block Grants for Indian Housing are used to help fund affordable housing projects on Indian reservations and tribal areas. Such projects may include housing development, housing services, and crime prevention and security. Wisconsin received $25,877,650 from these grants for fiscal year 2022.
The tribes that received the grants are:
- Bad River Band of the Chippewas of Lake Superior Tribe: $1,735,232;
- Potawatomi Community of Forest County: $438,740;
- Ho-Chunk Nation: $4,784,253;
- Lac Courte Ears Band of Lake Superior Chippewa: $3,537,243;
- Lac Du Flambeau Band of Lake Superior Chippewa: $2,174,200;
- Menominee Indian Tribe: $3,134,283;
- Oneida Nation: $5,416,993;
- Red Cliff Band of Lake Superior Chippewa: $1,348,772;
- Chippewa Indians of St. Croix: $1,694,270;
- Sokaogon Chippewa Community: $1,026,767; and
- Community of Stockbridge-Munsee: $586,987
Talis Shelbourne is an investigative solutions journalist covering the issues of affordable housing and lead poisoning. Do you have any advice? You can reach Talis at (414) 403-6651 or [email protected]. Follow her on Twitter at @talisseer and send him a message on Facebook at @talisseer.
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